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Macintosh OS X

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OS X 10.x.xOS 9.x
OS X 10.x.x OS 9.x
Description - Directions - hints and tips
Start up Start up
From OS 9.x to startup in OS X
1. From Apple Menu select Control Panels
2. From Control Panels Select Startup Disk
3. Click on the triangle next to Macintosh HD (or the name of your hard drive)
4. When the triangle points down, select the system to the left of version Mac OS X 10.x.x
5. Then click the Restart button

From OS X to startup in OS 9.x
1. From Apple Menu or the Dock, select System Preferences
2. Click Startup Disk
3. Select Mac OS 9.x
4. Restart the computer
Eject key (the upper-right key on the keypad normally used to eject disks from the optical drive)
Press Control-Eject
Shutdown dialog appears.
When the dialog appears:
Type R(estart), S(leep), or C(ancel)
Dock Control Strip
The Dock is like the Control Strip.
To make adjustments to the dock, select System Preferences from the Dock. Click on Dock.
Or from the Apple menu select Dock
1. Dock Size: Change Dock Size
2. Magnification: Icons on the Dock will increase in size as the mouse moves over the icon. If the check box to the left of Magnification is empty, there will be no magnification. If there is a check mark in the box, then there will be magnification. To turn Magnification on or off, click the check box.
3. To hide or show the Dock, click the check box to the left of "Automatically hide and show the Dock"
4. Position on screen: (10.1.x) Select radio button for Left, Bottom or Right. Right and Left Docks are vertical. Bottom Dock is horizontal
5. Minimize using: Genie Effect (animation) or Scale Effect. When you minimize a window, you put it in the Dock. To minimize click the yellow or middle button in the top left corner of the window.
6. Animate opening applications: If the check box to the left of "Animate opening applications" is checked, then the when you click on an icon on the Dock, it will bounce up and down while the application is opening.
7. To add an application icon to the dock, drag the item to the Dock from a Finder window.
8. To remove an icon from the Dock, drag it out of the Dock.
System Preferences Control Panels
System Preferences can be selected from the Apple menu or the Dock
Display Monitors
Display can be selected from System Preferences the Dock
View Files Appearance - Fonts - Size
Open Internet Exporer
In the Address box type:     file:    press Return
To increase font size: Apple +
To decrease font size: Apple -
File directory can also be printed. Apple-P
Finder Appearance
From Finder menu select Preferences
1. Desktop Picture: Select Desktop background picture.
2. Icon Size: Change Desktop Icon size.

(Version 10.1.x)
1. Open System Preferences
2. Click Desktop
3. Select background or picture for the Desktop.

From the View menu Select Show View Options
Icon Size
Icon Arrangement
Folder Background

Menu Bar Icons
Rearrange Menu Bar Icons - Command-drag
Remove Menu Bar Icon - Command-drag off
Retrieve Menu Bar Icon
      System > Library > CoreServices > Menu Extras
      Command-drag to Menu Bar
Scroll Arrows Smart Scroll
1. Select General from System Preferences
2. Click radio button for scroll arrows position
3. Restart computer
Network AppleTalk
Network can be selected from System Preferences
Proxy Proxy
Open System Preferences
Select Network
Click Proxies tab
Check box for "Web Proxy (HTTP)" enter proxy and port information
Click Save button
Key Caps Key Caps
From Macintosh HD (hard drive) select Applications
From Applications select Utilites
From Utilites select Key Caps
Grab Screen Snapshot
From Macintosh HD (hard drive) select Applications
From Applications select Utilites
From Utilites select Grab

Open System Preferences
Select Update

From Apple Menu select Control Panels, select Software Update
UNIX Darwin
From Macintosh HD (hard drive) select Applications
From Applications select Utilites
From Utilites select Terminal
Type     sudo -s     press Return
Password: enter password - try to use the password you used when you configured or set up your Mac
then press Return
To log out:
Type     logout     press Return
or press Control-D twice. (ctrl-D)
then Apple-Q

To start up in UNIX
      1. Computer should be turned off
      2. Hold down the Command (Apple) and the S Keys at startup

To see a complete list of all the system activity that happens before OS X starts
Hold down the Command (Apple) and the V Keys at startup
File System Check Disk First Aid
UNIX disk-repair utility
At localhost# promt, type /sbin/fsck -y
When it is done, type Reboot

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UNIX for Macintosh

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Last Updated: Monday, September 29, 2008

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